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The Danish King Harold moved there in In the face of English threats, Richard III of Normandy strengthened the fortifications of the castle at the same time as those of the other major strongholds of Cotentin.
In , the city was one of the four main cities of the Duchy of William the Conqueror to receive an annuity in perpetuity for the maintenance of one hundred needy.
During the conquest of Normandy by Philippe Auguste , Cherbourg fell without a fight in Following these ravages, Philip the Fair fortified the city in Its strategic position, a key to the kingdom along with Calais as a bridgehead for invasion by the English and French, the town was much disputed during the Hundred Years' War.
Having one of the strongest castles in the world according to Froissart , it changed ownership six times as a result of transactions or seats, never by force of arms.
The fortress resisted the soldiers of Edward III in In , the city was besieged by Charles V as the rest of the Norman possessions of the King of Navarre, but in vain.
Bertrand du Guesclin besieged it for six months using many machines of war, but abandoned the siege in December It was only his son Charles the Noble who recovered it in Fallen in to the hands of the English, Cherbourg, the last English possession of the Duchy of Normandy after the Battle of Formigny , was released on 12 August On 28 April , Cherbourg was visited with great fanfare by Francis I and the dauphin.
Inside the city walls, the castle, itself protected by wide moats and equipped with a keep and twelve towers, was south-east of the city.
Outside and to the south of the city walls, the suburb along the Divette was frequented by sailors. In , Vauban offered to strengthen the fortifications of Cherbourg, and close Cherbourg Harbour with two sea walls, but preferred La Hogue for the establishment of a major military port.
The commercial port dug at the current position of the place Divette between and , was devastated in August by an English attack under the orders of General Bligh and Admiral Howe.
The British destroyed military buildings and warehouses before departing. The population increased from feus 4, inhabitants in Cherbourg and 95 in Octeville, around , to 7, people in Cherbourg by However, the reduction of subsidies and the revolutionary events slowed work down, until its suspension in First Consul Bonaparte wanted to turn Cherbourg into a major military port, for the invasion of the United Kingdom.
He charged Joseph Cachin with the resumption of the work of the sea wall, the digging of military outer harbour , and the construction of the new arsenal.
After a visit in , Napoleon made Cherbourg a maritime prefecture , a chef-lieu of the Arrondissements of the Manche department and the seat of a court of first instance.
The work of the central sea wall, interrupted again between and , ended in , the east and west sea walls in The work of the sea wall was concluded by the construction of the small harbour Homet sea wall, and sea wall of the Flemings, The work of the port led the intensification and spread of a modernising and developing Cherbourg, while contractors, owners, and local merchants were getting richer.
After the creation of the Route des Pieux current Rue Salengro and Rue Carnot , the town was formed around an homogenised street-village then urbanising at the beginning of the 20th century.
The warship of the Confederates, the CSS Alabama was sunk by the ship of the Union USS Kearsarge after two hours of fighting [see the Battle of Cherbourg ], under the eye of thousands of spectators, who had arrived by train for the inauguration of the casino.
Visualizing the fight from a sailboat, Manet immortalised it in The Battle of the Kearsarge and the Alabama. From , the geographical and technical properties of the port of Cherbourg attracted shipping companies linking European ports to the east coast of the United States.
In , Cherbourg received ships and 70, passengers. During the First World War , traffic was completely suspended. Cherbourg became the place of arrival for equipment and the British and American troops, and for departure on leave and injuries.
The military port experienced an increase in activity, and the garrison stationed at Cherbourg was reinforced. The port infrastructures were developed to receive coal and oil required for the conflict.
Traffic doubled, reaching , tons in Transatlantic transit resumed in the aftermath of the war with the British, American and Dutch transatlantic companies.
To welcome the best stopovers, the Chamber of Commerce built a deep water port, a new ferry terminal, and an area dedicated to loading, unloading and storage of goods in the field of Mielles.
However, the crisis put an end to the transatlantic peak. During the Second World War — , the German Army occupied the north of France and fortified the coastline against invasion.
As a deep-water port, Cherbourg was of strategic importance, very heavily protected against seaborne assault. The Germans arrived on the outskirts of Cherbourg on 17 June , towards the end of the Battle of France.
Four years later, Cherbourg, the only deep-water port in the region, was the primary objective of the American troops who had landed at Utah Beach during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Cherbourg was required to give the Allies a point of logistic support for human resupply and material of the troops. American troops encircled the city on 21 June After a month of demining and repairs by American and French engineers, the port, completely razed by the Germans and the bombing, welcomed the first Liberty ships and became, until the victory of , the largest port in the world, with traffic double that of New York.
Cherbourg was returned to France by the Americans on 14 October Thanks to the urgency of the port reconstruction, economic activity resumed quickly.
The postwar boom led to the modernisation of the economy and a greater role for female employment. Under the leadership of General de Gaulle , Cherbourg became the hub of nuclear ballistic missile submarine construction from , including the first, Le Redoutable , which was launched in From the end of the s, the nuclear industry emerged through the construction sites of the La Hague reprocessing plant and the Flamanville Nuclear Power Plant in addition to submarines of the DCN.
A union of trade unions, left-wing activists and environmentalists, formed around the fear of the "nuclearisation" of Nord-Cotentin, crystallised in January when the Pacific Fisher landed with the first spent nuclear waste from Japan.
On the eve of the s, the Cherbourg agglomeration was hit by several violent social conflicts, particularly due to the closure of the Babcock factories.
The major decisions of the public authorities, on which Cherbourg has depended for many centuries, and the nuclear industry, caused a deep economic crisis in the s.
The new millennium began with the creation of a new commune. Cherbourg-Octeville was created on 1 March through the joining of Cherbourg and Octeville, following a local referendum within "Grand Cherbourg".
Meanwhile, the traditional activities of the port passengers, freight and fishing were in crisis. The Norman language writer Alfred Rossel , a native of Cherbourg, composed many songs which form part of the heritage of the region.
The local dialect is known as Cotentinais. La Glacerie was named for glass factory. The factory in La Glacerie was destroyed by Allied bombardments in during the Normandy invasion.
See the Battle of Cherbourg The city had five streets: After the dismantling of the walls, inside which lived three-fifths of the population,  the city extended up to its natural boundaries at the end of the 17th century: Its rapid growth from the end of the 18th century was spoken of by Jean Fleury, in , in that it "offers almost everywhere the appearance of a new town; the old streets occupy little space, and the others are generally large and airy, the fountains numerous [ Cherbourg has 10 squares, 59 streets, 12 cul-de-sacs and 5 passages.
Damaged during all eras, rebuilt in piecemeal, the city has no architectural unity. Shale, extracted from the quarries of the agglomeration, is the traditional material of construction.
With widespread coverage in the northern Cotentin, it is also used in Cherbourg for the walls in the city, apparent or often covered with a grayish or sometimes colourful coating.
The frames are then Valognes stone limestone , pink granite of Fermanville, or brick, and the underpinnings Armorican sandstone of the Roule and the Fauconniere.
The expansion of the city from the 18th century contributed to the diversity of materials. The use of Caen stone and industrial brick was necessary under the Second Empire, while vernacular architecture disappeared gradually in these years in favour of a more homogeneous and Parisian style.
Cherbourg and its agglomeration has urbanised around the ports and along the coast. With post-war reconstruction and the economic development of the Trente Glorieuses , the city is experiencing a crisis of housing due to the demographic boom, having built on the last vacant land.
Indeed, a report evaluated 1, inhabitant families living in slums, and called for 1, housing units. Port Chantereyne and the Mielles lands are reclaimed from the sea, the Place Divette and Boulevard Schuman are created at the site of the old fairground.
However, at that time, the change mainly affected nearby villages that formed an agglomeration in less than forty years. Octeville, a dispersed habitat until the 18th century, and urbanised during the work of the port around a central street,  saw the housing estate of the Provinces settle on the heights of la Fauconniere and triple its population in 20 years.
Several estates also emerging at Tourlaville, La Glacerie, Querquerville and Equeurdreville, amending the physiognomy of a suburb which densified.
Following this merger, a plan of urban renewal named "Between Land and Sea" was launched in on the quarters of Bassins, of the Amont-Quentin and the Provinces to homogenise the territory of the newly alamgamated city.
On the heights, seven HLM tower blocks are intended for demolition to improve social housing. A 3-star hotel and the relocation of the casino is also planned.
Since , Cherbourg-Octeville is covered by a sensitive urban zone on the expanded area of the Provinces. The construction of the dam and the military port has brought an important flow of workers and soldiers.
Cherbourg and Octeville have seen their populations quadruple in a century. Cherbourg had 43, inhabitants at the beginning of the 20th century.
During this century, Cherbourg losing some 15, inhabitants, while Octeville grew continuously, with an explosion in the s and s, during the construction of the housing estates.
The agglomeration was 84, inhabitants  and the urban area , inhabitants. The depopulation of the city-centre of the agglomeration was one of the main topics of the campaign for the municipal elections of Demographic changes of Cherbourg and Octeville compared, before their merger.
Today, the neighbouring communes of the metropolitan area Martinvast, Nouainville, Tonneville, Bretteville, etc. The framework of life, rural and peaceful, in no way prevents the inhabitants from taking advantage of the infrastructure of the urban community.
Since the merger between Cherbourg and Octeville, in February , the inhabitants are officially called Cherbourgeois-Octevillais.
It is likely that, with the merger, the latter disappears gradually in favour of Cherbourgeois. Cherbourg and Octeville have two different profiles.
The first is the city centre, with varied habitat, the other a commune in suburbs, built quickly from the s. Thus, in , in Cherbourg there were 13, dwellings including Several HLM agencies are responsible for social housing of the agglomeration: The second half of the 19th century saw the creation of many English-style gardens.
Then, under the Third Republic, public gardens opened. The commune also has allotments , managed by associations: In , the municipality was awarded four flowers in the competition of flowery towns and villages.
At the instigation of Colbert , the guild of drapers was founded on 16 April , the manufacture of cloth produced two thousand pieces per year.
In the 18th century, the economic resources came mainly through maritime trade, the preparation of cured meats and the harbour and breakwater works, plus a moribund textile industry.
Exports were mainly to Britain sheets and cloths and the West Indies cattle and mules, fat and salted butter, salted meats, cod, linens and canvas , but also to Le Havre and La Rochelle for wood and coal.
Lawful or otherwise exchanges also took place with the Channel Islands tanbark , grain and wool. Cherbourg shipowners were absent from significant fishing, including that of cod on the banks of Newfoundland , which was a specialty of Granville.
Cherbourg also had seven producers of starch. Sailing ships were built, the first, the brig La Colombe , was launched on 27 September , and then screw-propelled vessels up to the end of the 19th century.
The first were Le Morse and Le Narval. Since then, more than 91 vessels have been built there. L'Annuaire de la Manche [The Yearbook of Manche] in mentioned several slate quarries in the agglomeration whose product was sometimes exported to Le Havre, two printers, two soda refineries properties of Mr.
Le Couturier and Messrs. Blod and Lange and several tanners. He added the maritime buildings and armaments and the export of butter of La Hague , and the total annual trade was estimated at between 4 or 5 million francs, of which one million for the export of eggs to the United Kingdom , and tons of salted meat.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Cherbourg was primarily a military port. At this time the port embraced the transatlantic epic. Cherbourg's industry was then specialised in shipbuilding, as well as in lace-making and the manufacture of rope.
Gradually, workers developed a particular skill in metalwork, both for the submarines of the Arsenal, for aircraft and ships of the Amiot shipyards or Babcock - Wilcox boilers.
The s saw a revival of the local economy through the increase in the female workforce and the decline of agricultural employment in favour of diversification of jobs and a high-tech industry.
One hundred employees manufactured projectors and film cameras, particularly for the ORTF and Russian television.
Since , it has been dedicated to the production of microwave electronic devices, employing workers in contracted for radars of the Mirage F1 Army Air and of the Navy Super Etendards , rising to employees at the end of the s, after moving in into a new modernised factory in Tourlaville.
For a decade, the electronic workshop expanded, adding a production line for mobile television relays, and a workshop for mechanical surface treatment.
The unit, seen as a flagship of French industry by the new president of the Republic in , was considered unnecessary after the integration of Thomson's telephony division with Alcatel in and suffered heavy redundancies from the end of the s, before closing in at the end of a difficult social conflict.
The old buildings of Halley House became the technical centre of the Cachin vocational school, on Avenue Aristide-Briand.
In , the economically active population of Cherbourg and Octeville was 18, inhabitants in a total population of 42, inhabitants.
Cherbourg-Octeville supports an unemployment rate At 31 December , there were 3, jobseekers. The Cherbourg economy derives a large part of its activities from its maritime position.
A military port, a fishing port, a port of commerce passenger traffic and cross-border goods and a marina. Weakened since the s, the commercial port sees the transit of , trucks to or from Ireland and Great Britain.
Project Fastship , involving container transport from Philadelphia United States by high-speed vessels and oped for fifteen years, has been forgotten in favour of the Motorways of the Sea in the context of the Ena Eurocoast Network Association , with Cuxhaven Germany , Ostend Belgium , Rosslare Ireland and Ferrol Spain , with no more effect at the moment.
In recent years, the cross-Channel passenger traffic has declined, with competition from Caen-Ouistreham and the Pas-de-Calais.
In the first eleven months of compared with the same period of , passenger traffic declined by 3. For comparison, the port had 1. The construction of a terminal dedicated to the traffic of coal from South America and destined for the United Kingdom will put an end to the haemorrhage of the activity of the port.
The fishing industry is affected by the crisis affecting the entire industry, and the port has seen its fleet decline. This sector has been widely restructured over the past twenty years.
The military arsenal saw the end of the construction of the Redoutable -class submarines and expanded its customer base, until then exclusively of the Navy, prior to being privatised in Partnerships with Pakistan and India have concluded to make the construction term at home.
The CMN, which employed 1, people at the beginning of the s, modernised and automated, and now has employees. The company diversified into large luxury yachts, without abandoning the military market, and has signed such contracts with the United Arab Emirates and Qatar through the Franco- Lebanese businessman Iskandar Safa , owner since While these two military companies have experienced reductions in loads the number of jobs at the Arsenal increased from 6, including 1, subcontracted, in , to 2, including subcontractors , and the companies have repositioned in the nautical industry.
A network of subcontractors and specialists formed around this hub through Ameris France established in under the name of Cap 50 export , specialised in the research and the supply of spare parts for ships and military aircraft , the Efinor group founded in , specialising in metallurgy, nuclear decommissioning and engineering , MPH help in project control, employees.
At Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue , Facnor has become a global specialist of sailing reels. The Navy employs nearly 3, officials in the agglomeration, especially in the context of administration maritime prefecture , maritime safety customs, CROSS, Abeille , logistical support of the French Navy and foreign passage, and of training.
Metallurgy has long represented a large source of employment in the agglomeration. Around the Arsenal and its boilermakers , several metalworking and mechanical industries were formed from the early s.
This is the case of the oldest business the city, the Simon Brothers company, founded in , which went from being a mechanical workshop to a steam agricultural machinery manufacturer and then to an agribusiness in a half a century.
Manufacturing guns in and , the company became a world leader in churns and mixers for the butter industry. Later, the UIE began business in Cherbourg in , for the construction of oil platforms , but closed in The food industry, essential in Lower Normandy, is not absent from the employment pool.
A farm raising salmon in the harbour, abbatoirs handling farmed livestock of Nord-Cotentin, and several processing companies exist.
The Simon Brothers 50 employees have supplied equipment for the cider and dairy industries for more than a century. Both, regarded as flagships of the group, specialised respectively in microwave and electronic telephone exchanges.
However, Alcatel decided to close the Querqueville factory in , Codifur then took over part of the business with hundreds of employees.
In , it also offloaded the Tourlaville unit to Sanmina-SCI , which relocated its production six years later. Socoval, a manufacturer of menswear of the Cantoni Group from Italy, is the last textile factory of the Cotentin and employs about employees, since the social plan of , which resulted in the loss of about 40 employees.
Economic partners now rely on the "mastery of atmosphere", i. Having experience of work involving nuclear risk, it wants to transfer these skills to the food, electronics and pharmaceutical industries.
Two courses have been designed for this purpose: Trade employs nearly 1, people in the city centre,  but the decline in cross-Channel traffic has caused a big shortfall, exacerbated by the fragile local economy.
Grocery chains, equipment and home appliances have left the city centre for out-of-town shopping centres. The number of fast food outlets doubled between and , while the strength of the traditional catering has stagnated.
Cherbourg-Octeville, the largest city of the department, is the main centre for administration and services for the Cotentin. The same goes for the education sector with four public and four private schools, a marine high school and aquaculture, a university campus and several graduate schools.
Public employment represents an important part with, in addition to the hospital and schools, municipal and community staff. Jobs in the construction sector are divided between Faucillion 80 employees , Eiffage 75 employees and Colas 60 employees.
The cruise terminal also attracts liners each year. The marina of 1, spaces is the first French port of call 11, per year. The capacity of the city was, as of 1 January , 15 hotels and rooms.
Canton of Cherbourg-Octeville-1 to the west and Cherbourg-Octeville-2 in the east, which also includes the town of La Glacerie. The arrondissement of Cherbourg has municipalities and , inhabitants.
Cherbourg-Octeville also has the headquarters of the maritime prefecture of the English Channel and the North Sea , whose authority extends from the Bay of Mont Saint-Michel to the Belgian border.
The maritime quarter of Cherbourg initials: CH is restricted to the limits of the department. The postal codes from prior to the merger of have been preserved: Cherbourg is historically, with the Arsenal and the port, the main focus of labour and trades unions of the department of Manche.
However, the Cherbourg workers do not lean towards radical or revolutionary movements, nor to yellow unionism , traditionally preferring the reformist tendencies.
These choices are reflected politically into a strong center-left anchor, dominated by Socialist-radicals and independent Socialists, before whom the SFIO and the Socialist Party are not imposed.
Similarly, the right won the town hall of Octeville in , for a term, by the division of the left. Bernard Cazeneuve was elected Mayor of Cherbourg-Octeville during the municipal election , and re-elected in March with The latter was re-elected following the victory of his list with The municipal council is composed of 39 members including the mayor and eleven assistants.
The investment budget is included in the multiannual programme "Unite the city" , presented in December by Bernard Cazeneuve.
It sees a transformation of the newly amalgamated city through refurbishment of the pool and Port Chantereyne, development of the Bassins zone, filling the retaining channel, and the construction of the sailing school.
Cherbourg is twinned with: Louis XVI removed the viscountcy of Cherbourg by edict in November , and transferred the rights of justice to the Bailiwick of Valognes.
Cherbourg became a town and district in January , seat of a justice of the peace and a civil and criminal court.
Under the Directory, they were replaced by a simple police court, attended by a justice of the peace, and a police correctional court.
After his arrival in the city, Napoleon established a Court of first instance by the Decree of 19 July The city is today one of the three main judicial hubs of Manche, along with Coutances and Avranches.
A remand prison is located in the city centre, behind the buildings of the court. As a result of the justice reform presented in by Rachida Dati, the jurisdiction of the Court of Valognes will be integrated to that of Cherbourg.
The Pasteur hospital houses the Institute of training in nursing of Cherbourg-Octeville. The Group FIM, training service of the two chambers of commerce and industry of la Mancha, manages the school of trade and distribution, and since , the Institute of promotion and marketing boating, forming alternating a fortnight of accreditation in the field of boating shipbuilding, nautical services company, marinas, etc.
The club has also two other senior male teams in the League of Lower Normandy. The Association sportive Amont-Quentin, which had two district teams until June ,  had to cease its activities.
The Octeville Hague Sport, which was developing its teams in , was unable to present any team for the season. In cycling, Cherbourg has been a city of arrival for the Tour de France on sixteen occasions: Cherbourg was a departure city in The second stage of the Tour de France finishes at Cherbourg.
NC'HOP left the competition in It was closed in and renovated as a University campus. The parish of Saint-Sauveur of Octeville, which also covers Nouainville has three sites in the commune: Protestants have a temple of the Reformed Church since , rebuilt after the war in , and a Pentecostal Evangelical church affiliated with the Assemblies of God.
The Evangelical Baptist Church has been present since in the agglomeration and is currently located in Tourlaville. Cherbourg and Octeville experienced two major waves of immigration of Muslim population, the late s and during the s, after the construction of the neighbourhoods of Amont-Quentin, Provinces and Maupas, and then in the s, with the major construction sites of the La Hague reprocessing site and the Flamanville Nuclear Power Plant.
The work of the seawall and the military port in Cherbourg led many soldiers and engineers, for whom this step was often an important moment in their career.
For twenty years, he realised the improvement of the commercial port, and the digging of the docks of the military port , constituting the New Arsenal.
Among the engineers of the Directorate of construction and naval weapons , included Augustin-Louis Cauchy and also Maxime Laubeuf.
At the origin of the military port, Napoleon , who visited the city in , "Revient" in Cherbourg in during the return of his remains to France, aboard La Belle Poule , before being taken to Les Invalides.
A transatlantic port of the 20th century, Cherbourg saw Hollywood stars arrive, such as Charlie Chaplin , who organised his disembarkation in to a press conference in the gare maritime , critical of the McCarthyist America that he left.
The port saw a lot of famous people, including businessman Benjamin Guggenheim for his fatal voyage on the Titanic.
Cinema then gave Cherbourg another lasting reputation, through the images of Jacques Demy and music by Michel Legrand , in The Umbrellas of Cherbourg.
Earlier, Frida Boccara , knew great success in with her song Cherbourg avait raison. The letters were not left with academician Georges Grente , superior of the Saint-Paul Institute, and Ernest Psichari , soldier and writer, whose garrison stay in Cherbourg in with the 2nd colonial artillery regiment inspires L'Appel des armes.
In addition, the provision of artistic education is rich, with the Film Industry Institute of Normandy, the school of fine arts and the municipal music school, labelled as a conservatory for communal influence, which has registrants.
However, the city lacks a large capacity venue, the theatre can accommodate only spectators. After the bitter failure of Cherbourg-Land , this problem has not been resolved at the level of the Cotentin.
The former home of Emmanuel Liais , mayor of Cherbourg, astronomer and explorer, houses since the Museum of Natural History and Ethnography, the oldest museum in Cherbourg founded in , with curio cabinet, collection of stuffed animals, fossils, minerals and ethnographic objects Egypt, Asia, Oceania, America and Africa , archaeological treasures and library science.
The Thomas-Henry Fine Arts Museum , named after its first patron , was inaugurated in and is now the third collection of Normandy with paintings and sculptures from the 15th to the 20th century.
Located in the cultural centre, at the back of the theatre, it presents paintings by French, Flemish, Spanish and Italian artists, as well as sculptures.
It is installed in the Fort du Roule, centrepiece of the defence of Cherbourg taken by the Americans on 25 June Dedicated to oceanographic exploration, it is a complex installed since in a part of the remains of the old transatlantic station.
It also has a Norman fonds , an old fonds devoted to botany and another to travel. The former barracks of the Abbey, dating back to the start of the works of the large dam in 18th-century, has housed one of the five regional centres of history of the National Navy, alongside Brest , Lorient , Rochefort and Toulon , since The archives of the maritime district of the Channel and the North Sea are grouped here, and the library of the Navy founded in in Cherbourg and specialising in maritime history with its 23, works.
Each year, a network of writing workshops are organised in the metropolitan area, the Mercurielles , and the Festival of the Book and of Youth Comic Books since The cinema occupies a significant place in the life of Cherbourg.
The film was shot in the summer of , and which still contributes to the international renown of the city. Yet long before, at the time of the splendor of the transatlantic liners, Cherbourg was a port of arrival, departure or transit for many stars, including Charlie Chaplin and Burt Lancaster , etc.
The facilities are owned by Codere Group who also have a casino there with about slot machines and 25 gaming tables. Casino cruise ships offer people in almost every jurisdiction the opportunity to gamble at sea.
Cruise ships typically sail 7 miles offshore into international waters, so the casinos on them are unregulated venues and not subject to the laws of any given country.
Many ships offer slots, and some offer virtually every game you would find in Las Vegas or Macau. In some locales, cruise ships offer the only hope for vacationers who want to gamble, but may not want to or be able to travel a long distance to a city that offers gambling.
Blackjack, roulette, poker, and slots are standard on almost every vessel. Some casino cruise ships are small crafts with one or two tables and two walls of slot machines sailing out of U.
There are also luxurious, private residential casino super ships like the upcoming Crusino with , square feet 17, sqm of gambling space over two full decks.
One supership sailing today is Royal Caribbean's Oasis of the Sea ; a 1,foot long ship boasting an 18, square foot casino complete with about slot machines and 27 gaming tables, along with all of the entertainment you would expect at an integrated resort casino.
Smoking is permitted in many casinos at sea, but non-smoking areas, including outdoor gaming areas, are usually provided.
It is easy enough for non-smokers to find non-smoking excursions. The minimum age to gamble is 18 on most ships, but some Australian, UK, Japanese, Caribbean, and US sailings restrict gaming to guests 21 and older.
Some of the more upscale casinos offer pre-approved lines of credit, all accept cash, and some allow you to use your onboard account for gambling.
The one cruise line you will not find to offer gaming on any ship is Disney. Because ports of call change so frequently you will need to find up to the minute information to book a cruise.
Check out our cruise ship gambling guide to learn more. Eastern Europe has a burgeoning casino industry online and on-land.
Most EE countries are members of the European Union, and as such, they operate as their Western neighbors do by creating and enforcing their own gambling laws while trying to follow the EU and EC guidance for cross-border economic equality with regard to online gambling regulation.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, there was a period of disarray and refocusing as countries like Belarus , Romania, and Estonia asserted their independence and began focusing efforts on capturing revenues and providing regulatory frameworks in order to attract gambling businesses.
By the mids a robust industry was seen to begin phenomenal growth. Countries like Albania have always had casinos but in the country's first legal casino opened in the capital city of Tirana following a million-euro investment by Hyatt Regency.
Eight million of that was for a 15 year license. A new law in saw an explosion in the growth of small club casinos by Astra and Admiral with over 50 venues in operation a scant two years later.
After outlawing casinos earlier, Russia has opened a few of its gambling zones and the original Azov City casinos will close by January 1, , in favor of the Sochi zone.
The Primorye Entertainment Zone outside of Vladivostok has struggled to reach its potential but still attracts high-value players from the heretofore untapped northern Chinese market.
While there are no universally agreed upon delineations for the segmentation of Europe into east, west, north, south, or central, you will find Cyprus listed here.
Visitors can choose any country from the list here to explore land-based legislation, gambling opportunities, and find a link to that country page then drill down by state and city, finally arriving at a full-featured review of any casino.
When there is a hotel on the property, images and links are provided so that you can book a room or compare rates and amenities.
Each country page also has an interactive map locating all casinos in the country with a special feature offering directions from anywhere to any casino.
Online casino laws, as well as links to pages featuring internet casinos available from any country, can also be found on the menu next to the land based information.
The Middle East is not known as a tourist destination for gambling. Of the sixteen countries that we place in the region, only two have licensed operating casinos.
Many do allow horse racing. However, legal betting may be another story. Egypt is a seemingly unlikely place to find luxury casinos but we count more than a dozen there with the lion's share of them located in the capital city of Cairo.
Egyptian tourism took a turn for the worse after the Arab Spring uprising in but the Sheraton's capital expenditures should give hope to other operators that the gambling portion of Egypt's economy can only improve.
The lone casino in Lebanon is Casino du Liban , located seaside about 14 miles outside the capital city of Beirut. It's a mid-sized casino by Las Vegas standards but large when compared to most European casinos with slot machines and 60 gaming tables.
The property sees quite a bit of action from visiting Israelis. US visitors are warned by the State Department to stay away from Lebanon and US Embassy staff are often forbidden to go to the casino due to unspecified threats.
Online gambling is strictly forbidden in most Middle Eastern countries with some dishing out harsh penalties to those who risk more than their gambling stakes by betting online.
However, high rollers from the UAE, Saudi Arabia, and Israel are known to be whales at some online casinos and gamblers will always find a way and a place to play.
Some casino cruise ships do travel out of port from the Gulf states of Abu Dhabi and Dubai, and once they are in the International Waters of the Arabian Sea, country-specific gambling laws are no longer in force.
Visitors can drill down through our Middle eastern database to a country and city they would like to know more about, finally ending up on a casino profile page listing everything from dining and entertainment opportunities to the number of machines and tables, as well as a direct link to book a hotel room if there are accommodations associated with the casino property.
There are about 30 individual territories in the Caribbean region comprising over islands, islets, reefs, and cays. Gambling laws, and therefore casino gaming opportunities are diverse among the various sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies of larger countries like the U.
World Casino directory is here to guide you through them all from Aruba to Turks and Caicos and beyond.
You can use the drop-down below to read a little about each country and follow the links to more detailed descriptions of every casino in the Caribbean.
Most people visit the Caribbean for the spectacular blue waters, white or pink coral beach sands, and tropical climate.
Most of the casinos are small affairs attached to or inside of beachfront hotels with a few dozen slot machines and a handful of table games - all you need after a long day snorkeling or beach combing.
Full-scale mega-resorts can be found as well. The first to open was Atlantis Paradise in the Bahamas in The now nearly 4, room hotel and casino complex replaced another large casino on Paradise Island that opened in And after a decade of setbacks, Baha Mar finally opened in with a , sq ft casino.
Jamaica is next in line for large scale development. The southern part of the island, Sint Maarten, is part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands while the northern part of the island, Saint Martin, is a French overseas collectivity.
It is rare to find a casino in any French collectivity; there are none in the Caribbean. It's important to keep in mind that some of the economies in the region are extremely fragile.
When calamities such as earthquakes, volcanoes, or hurricanes strike, it can take years or even decades for gambling facilities or entire tourist economies to recover if they ever do.
Dominican Republic casinos are certainly not a thing of the past, while neighboring Haiti may never see casino development again.
The casinos that remain in Puerto Rico are struggling, but you'll still find a few nice ones. Enjoy your journey through our Caribbean casino guide.
If you visit an island nation without casinos and have good cellular service or Wifi, you can still play online on the beach or inside a comfortable hotel room after a long day on the beach.
Seafaring gamblers in the Nordic region, especially the northern parts of the Baltic Sea, have been enjoying the gambling services of Paf on Tallink and Silja line cruises for over three decades.
Onboard games include popular slots, bingo, poker, table and card games, lotteries, and sports betting. Departure points for gambling cruises include Stockholm in Sweden along with Helsinki and Turku in Finland.
The seaside of Little River is better known as Myrtle Beach. Big M offers 5-hour gambling cruises with a set-price all you can eat buffet and is very popular in the region.
There are no land casinos in the state. The closest terrestrial casino is Harrah's Cherokee nearly 6 hours away in North Carolina.
Due to strict gambling laws in the state, the only way to play blackjack or slots legally is to go out to sea.
Gaming is only allowed after you are at least 3 miles away from shore but the ships may travel as far as 15 miles out.
It takes about 45 minutes to reach international waters. Carnival Cruise Line offers casino gaming on over two dozen ships departing from the U.
While the gaming centers may have different names from vessel to vessel, most are fairly generic capitalizing on formulas the cruise giant has developed over the years.
Carnival ships are family ships, so there's always a safe and healthy place for the kids to play while mom and dad head out for a little Las Vegas-style action during their escape to sea.
Most Carnival casinos allow passengers 18 years of age and older to enter and play in the casinos. Celebrity Cruises offer a single brand of casino experience across the fleet of gaming equipped vessels.
Every Celebrity cruise ship except the Expedition has a Fortune Casino onboard. All ships offer blackjack, roulette, poker, craps, and a wide range of slot machines.
For guests on the Celebrity Solstice sailing out of Sydney, and several other cruises, baccarat punto banco is also available upon request.
Since the casinos don't open for play until the cruise is in international waters, most gambling laws do not apply.
Guests only need to be 18 years old to play, except for the Alaska Cruise which requires guests to be 21 or older. No matter where the ship is, you need to be 21 to drink.
Smoking is not allowed in any Fortunes Casino but all ships have designated outdoor smoking areas. People who take the seas to gamble in the Middle East, Asia, and Europe know the Costa Cruises experience, or as the line is called in its native Italy, Costa Crociere.
Starting out with cargo ships in , the company started commercial activities from about until the first passenger services were begun in with regular services to South America.
The then family-owned company eventually converted their fleet to cruising and became one of the largest operators in Europe before selling to Carnival in the year Crystal Cruises is an American luxury liner with two casino outfitted ships as of The casinos were rebranded as Resorts World casinos after Genting's other land-based casino brand.
Crystal Cruises is currently the only division to offer full-service onboard casino amenities. Cunard Line has been operated by Carnival since , but the company has a rich and illustrious history dating back to Starting out with Britain's first transatlantic steamship mail contract, there are now three vessels in operation offering Northern European, Mediterranean, Transatlantic, Caribbean, and World Cruises.
A 4th vessel is slated for operation n There is a casino on board each Cunard ship. However, not all cruises offer gambling as the Empire Casinos do not open during voyages without foreign ports of call on the itinerary.
The ship is a luxury liner with an ever-changing itinerary that has included short cruises sailing from China's Shanghai port , and a month charter with roundtrip cruises from Sokcho, South Korea which began in November Company headquarters are located in Ipswich, Suffolk, in the United Kingdom.
The company was started in by three brothers who embarked on a business of international shipping. Still, a family company, five generations of Olsens have participated in the venture as well as several other sectors from shipbuilding to electronics.
There are five ships in the current fleet including the Brabant, Fred Olsens's first river cruise.
All of the ships offer gaming opportunities, but the voyages are not usually undertaken with a primary focus on gambling.
Each vessel has two gaming tables - one for blackjack and another for roulette. Many experienced passengers report that the tables are not open on every voyage.
However, gambling is an advertised service and a croupier will most likely open a table upon request if it is not already in action.
Golden Isles Cruise Lines, Inc. Out to sea, are St. The ship is rather small at feet so passengers who have issues with motion sickness may want to use an appropriate medication or another method to deal with it.
Two of the ship's four decks are devoted to gambling. Smoking is allowed on both levels but never on the third level Bistro Deck.
The fourth deck is an open-air observation deck. The company's first vacation cruise was offered in The line currently comprises about 15 ships, all with casinos onboard.
One of the company's greatest legacies is their part in helping to settle America by transporting hundreds of thousands of immigrants from the Netherlands to the New World.
The fleet consists of mid-sized ships with the smallest, an 'elegant explorer', the Prinsendam slated for retirement in and new vessels being commissioned in the Pinnacle Class like the MS Koningsdam, Nieuw Statendam , and Nieuw Ryndam with 12 decks and passenger complements of 2, Nieuw Ryndam is expected to be brought into service before the end of Through a series of mergers, decouplings, acquisitions and investments the NYSE-listed company based in Florida is now owned in the minority by private equity companies as well as Genting Group which holds an Norwegian Cruise Lines NCL offers informal casino cruises with no structured time for meals and some other activities and no need to dress formally at mealtime.
For family travelers, Norwegian Escape, Breakaway, Getaway, and Epic offer the most 'kid friendly' cruises. All 15 of the ships, including Pride of America, the only US-flagged vessel in the fleet, offer gambling once the ships leave territorial waters.
Oceania Cruises launched their first ship in and currently has a fleet of six ships. All of them offer gambling facilities.
Norwegian NCL is headquartered in Florida. All of Oceania's vessels fly the flag of the Marshall Islands. There are 4 ships in the Regatta class, all were built in , , or The MS Regatta was launched in and last refurbished in The most recent launch in the class was the 30, ton, cabin, MS Sirena.
The original company was founded in and the first passenger cruises from Southampton were offered in A series of de-mergers and mergers beginning in culminated in a merger with Carnival Corporation in The company operates seven cruise ships including Britannia which launched in early Two more large vessels are planned for launch in and All ships offer casino gaming once entering international waters.
The combined company then featured 11 different brands of cruise ship companies. Princess, Carnival, and Holland America stopped requisitioning new ships during the economic downturn but added three new 3, passenger ships beginning with Royal Princess in and Regal Princess which entered service in A third Fincantieri-built ship, Majestic Princess launched in Pullmantur Cruises is the largest cruise line based in Spain.
The company began operations in the late s, growing out of a popular travel agency that helped book Spanish cruises. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
The mid-level cruise line currently operates four Malta-flagged vessels from ports in Cadiz , Vigo , Barcelona , and Santa Cruz de Tenerife.
It is a luxury cruise line company offering an all-inclusive experience. Regent was a sister company of Oceania Cruises. Regent Seven Seas Cruises' current fleet comprises 4 ships ranging from 28, gross tons to 54, GT.
All vessels are currently Bahamian-flagged. The company was founded in Norway in and has over 20 ships in operation as well as a future fleet that will bring that number to Seabourn Cruise Line offers casino gaming on all five of its luxury liner cruise ships.
The company was founded in in Norway. Carnival Corp began purchasing shares in and completed ownership in With home ports in the U.
Silversea Cruises is a mid-level luxury cruise line established in by the Lefebvre family of Rome, Italy.
The company's current fleet comprises nine vessels. The largest and newest ship is Silver Muse at 40, gross tons and capacity for nearly passengers.
Six of the ships are over sixteen tons and three are clippers in the company's Expedition fleet. If you are looking for a 'cruise to nowhere' this might be your best bet.
The Victory I first set sail in and was refurbished before Victory launched their casino cruise. Windstar Cruises is a luxury cruise line established in Based in Seattle, Washington the company's fleet comprises 6 yachts with capacities ranging from to guests.
Former owners include Holland America Line. All six ships offer casino gambling. Other than offering luxury yachts, what sets Windstar apart?
For the answer to that, let's look at the company's flagship vessel, The Wind Star. When the weather is good Bangladesh is located on the Bay of Bengal in the southern part of Central Asia, just to the east of India.
As a predominantly Muslim country, visitors will not find any licensed casinos there. Games of chance and "common gaming-houses" were outlawed by the Public Gambling Act of Charitable lotteries and in-person betting on horse races are legal in Bangladesh.
Bhutan is a landlocked Asian country situated in the Himalayas east of Nepal, between the Indian states of Sikkim and Assam, and China.
All forms of gambling are illegal in Bhutan except for the state lottery. The original lottery ran from until it was shut down in due to alleged irregularities.
It began operations again after a change in government in Bhutan is the only country outside of India that is allowed to sell lottery tickets in the world's most populated democratic country.
The territory comprises about 1, islands and islets in the archipelago with a combined land area of less than 24 square miles.
Control of the Chagos Islands archipelago has been under dispute by Mauritius since the U. All native residents were expelled from the archipelago before It is now occupied by about 2, U.
There are no casinos nearby. Brunei is a very small nation with two non-contiguous parts located on the giant island of Borneo. It is almost surrounded by the Malaysian state of Sarawak.
Each district also has a coastline along the South China Sea. Gambling is illegal in this predominantly Muslim country that gained independence from the United Kingdom in The sultanate is planning to diversify tourism opportunities to include adventure tourism, ecotourism, and Islamic tourism.
Cambodia allows foreigners to gamble there, but citizens are not allowed. Thailand and Vietnam account for most of the traffic at border casinos on strips or scattered along the border at crossings.
The largest casino in the country is Nagaworld Casino in Phnom Penh and visitors from all over Asia make up the footfall there.
Coastal Sihanoukville also has 11 casinos. Koh Kong Resort is a favorite of some travelers and a stopping off station on the way to Sihanoukville for many Thais.
Once in Sihanoukville, Queenco offers a modern casino experience with a hotel and beach access. To learn more about gambling or read reviews on more than 45 Cambodian Casinos see our gambling guide here.
The government and contractors cash in handsomely on the only legal gambling products in the country of over 1. Tickets are available online and at hundreds of thousands of vendors across the country.
Chinese citizens travel to Las Vegas, Macau, or other Asian gaming centers to gamble in casino and shop. The cruise ship industry is also booming with Chinese customers and many of the cruise lines offer onboard casinos.
To read comprehensive coverage of gambling in Macau please see our gambling guide. However, casino gambling is not allowed in Hong Kong. The government has granted the Hong Kong Jockey Club a monopoly on horse races, football matches, and lotteries.
Cruise ships with casinos do make Hong Kong a port of call, and Macau is only minutes away by fast ferry. The two race courses in Hong Kong enjoy good crowds and other betting opportunities such as sports betting.
Happy Valley Racecourse opened in and holds 55, race fans. The racecourse opened in Find out more about betting in Hong Kong in our gambling guide.
Indonesia is a nation in Southeast Asian situated in the Indian Ocean between the southern tip of the Asian land mass and the continent of Australia.
Indonesia comprises more than 17, volcanic islands. Visitors to Jakarta or any other Indonesian city will not find any licensed casinos or other regulated gambling activities.
Gambling is popular, however, and illegal dens and parlors are common, as are illegal bookmakers. Japan passed an integrated casino resort law in late which will allow major operators to establish casino resorts in the country with an affluent population of over million people.
There are currently well over 12, pachinko parlors in operation, but the game is not considered gambling under the criminal code.
A special carve out was made for games of historical and cultural importance like pachinko and Mahjong. Pachinko games resemble a cross between pinball and a slot machine.
Players exchange pachinko balls for prizes. The Japanese are able to bet on public sports, such as horse and car races. They are also permitted to play lottery games.
To learn more about gambling in Japan see our gambling guide here. It forms part of the 'Golden Triangle' along with Myanmar and Thailand. The country has 3 known casinos, all on the border with Thailand, and one of them squarely in the Golden Triangle.
Near the middle of the country's border with Thailand is the capital city of Vientiane. The casino floor here covers 5,sqm and features VIP parlors and executive lounges for big spenders.
The casino is open 24 hours a day. Please visit our Laos gambling guide to learn more about gambling and casino practices. Macau is the world leader regarding gross gaming revenue and is also home to the world's largest casino, The Venetian Macao.
The gaming floor covers over half a million square feet. Macau is the only place in China where it is legal to gamble in a casino.
There are nearly 50 casinos, many of them part of massively integrated resorts. Casinos are found in Macau proper, Taipa, and Cotai.
Locals need to be 21 to gamble in Macau, but visitors only need to be Smoking is prohibited or restricted to special areas, and alcohol is not served freely in the casinos, but bars and lounges are available.
The newer casino properties place emphasis on a resort experience rather than simply gambling, as ordered by the government. To read the most comprehensive guide to gambling in Macau, full of facts, figures, and in-depth casino reviews click here.
Malaysia offers a single integrated casino resort and three horse racing tracks - one one each in Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur, and Penang.
There is also a casino cruise ship being built there, but it is still unclear if Crusino will sail out of Kuala Lumpur when it takes to port calls. Malaysians must apply for and receive a permit before gambling in a casino in the country.
Resorts World Genting or Casino de Genting is located in its own area known as Genting Highlands about 50km from the capital.
The last two miles of the trip can be completed on the Genting Skyway, a cable car system that climbs the mountain. Shuttles, taxis, and autos can also drive to the resort.
The casino offers over , sq ft of gaming space and the entire complex is evolving with a new theme park expected to open in First World Hotel there has 7, rooms making it the world's largest hotel.
For more details on one of the world's greatest casino resorts, please see our Malaysia gambling guide. The Maldives are located near the equator in the Indian ocean and are considered to be part of Asia.
There are less than inhabited islands, 80 occupied solely for the purpose of accepting tourists, and over uninhabited islands among the 26 coral atolls comprising the territory.
There are no casinos in the Maldives. Mongolia is a vast sovereign state in East Asia sharing borders with Russia and China. The western tip of the country nearly touches Kazakhstan but is separated by about 23 miles of Russian Chinese border between the two countries.
As of late , there were no casinos in Mongolia but the government has been moving forward on plans to introduce casino resorts there after more than twenty years of occasional discussions.
Casino legislation received positive attention in and again in as Mongolia looks for ways to tap the lucrative Asian gaming market.
The country finalized The Gambling Act in which authorized foreigner-only casinos as part of a new plan for tourism after a significant change in government.
One of the most recently opened casinos in Myanmar is in the Myawaddy Complex. All of the country's casinos are located on or near the border with Thailand.
The northernmost casinos are located in Tachilek at the Regina Golf Resort Allure resort near the border. Myawaddy is located about halfway between Chiang Mai and Pulo with two casinos located on Treasure Island near the southern tip of Myanmar.
To learn more about Myanmar and the gambling opportunities there please visit our gambling guide. Nepal is located in the Himalayas and draws considerable casino traffic from India.
The casino industry is rebuilding there after a crippling government shutdown in order to secure tax payments and devastating earthquakes in The capital city of Kathmandu hosts most of the casinos with new enterprises popping up near the Indian border.
Other new operations in familiar places include Casino Everest. To follow the development of gambling in Nepal or explore the casinos there please see our gambling guide.
North Korea has at least one casino or gambling area inside a hotel in Pyongyang. The Pyongyang Casino at Yanggakdo Hotel does not expose much of itself to the world outside North Korea, as could be expected.
The Emperor Hotel and Casino in the exclusive economic zone of Rason has been reported and closed many times. We do not recommend travel to North Korea.
See our South Korea gambling guide for more information on the booming casino industry there. The Philippines is home to several large integrated resort casinos and over 50 small to medium size venues in over 30 cities.
Gross gaming revenue is consistently within the top ten in the world and is on the rise. The government regulator, PAGCOR owns and operates over half of the casinos in the country but is expected to sell them off and remain as overseer.
City of Dreams Manila opened on 15 acres in with six hotel towers, gaming tables, 1, slot machines and 1, electronic table games and over. To learn more about super casinos in the country along with other gambling opportunities see our complete Philippines gambling guide.
Singapore is a small island city-state off southern Malaysia with two casinos, a horse track , and state-run lottery.
Various cruise ships stop in Singapore and some have small casinos on board. Lotteries have been legally available since , horse racing since , and the two large casinos there opened in The resort held its full launch at the end of The casino holds gaming tables and 2, machines.
To read more about the super casinos of Singapore see our gambling guide. South Korea has a highly developing gambling landscape with 17 licensed full casinos and about a dozen other electronic gaming clubs.
The location draws gamblers from China, Japan, and beyond. Locals are only currently allowed to play at the remote Kangwon Land Casino so all other casino action comes from foreign passport holders.
The country's casinos are spread from Incheon, near Seoul in the north to the southern island of Jeju, with a small cluster in the population center of Busan.
The South Korean government initially meant for casino gambling to only occur on the vacation island of Jeju but soon gave way to other locales with Kangwon Land being the most notable.
Near Seoul, Paradise City opened in with almost , sq ft of gaming space in an integrated resort. Other large developments are planned.
To explore all of the casinos of the Republic please visit our South Korea gambling guide. Taiwan is a small island nation about miles off the coast of China.
In spite of cautions from Beijing, the Taiwanese islands of Penghu, Matsu, and Kinmen held referendums in and again in to legalize gambling.
The referendum failed, even though the construction and operation of casinos on offshore islands were legalized in For now, Taiwan will remain a feeder market for Macau , about miles away.
Gambling, except for betting on the state lottery and horse racing is not legal in Thailand but illegal casinos and lotteries are well documented.
The Thai people love to gamble and many cross the border to gamble in Cambodia. Several government officials and reform groups are trying to change the law to allow casino development.
Major operators such as Las Vegas Sands have expressed interest in expanding into the country if casino gambling ever becomes legal. To read more about horse racing in Bangkok and see breaking news on other gambling in Thailand visit our gambling guide here.
Vietnam has over 90 million people and none were allowed to play in the country's casinos until a decree was issued in The casinos and clubs are spread around the country and all are inside or attached to 5-star hotels.
The casino features 90 tables and slots. Golf and poker are prominent draws. To read more about the history of casinos and other gambling opportunities check out or Vietnam gambling guide.
The Aland Islands are located off the coast of Sweden. The majority of people live on Fasta Aland.
Although an autonomous region with their own laws, the Aland Islands are sometimes considered to be part of Finland. The Aland Islands is home to the world famous PAF, purveyors of online games to several countries in the Nordic region.
The hotel offers casino lessons for those who may not be familiar with card and table game rules or strategies. Learn more about gambling in the Aland Islands by reading our gambling guide here.
Andorra is a tourist and tax haven located in Western Europe between France and Spain in the eastern Pyrenees mountains. As of July , there are no casinos in the country.
However, recent legislation makes development a certain possibility and any casino operating in Andorra's robust economy would be sure to succeed.
In March the Andorra La Vella administration announced that three companies were vying for the right to open a casino there.
All proposals were in the 6 million euros range. To stay abreast of news and see the casino industry develop there, please read our Andorra gambling guide.
Austria has had casinos since the s and some of the original venues are still in operation offering a mix of the romantic with modern gaming.
There are about 20 casinos in the country mostly in and around the major cities of Baden, Bregenz, Graz, Innsbruck, Velden and Vienna. There are also about 10 Concord Card rooms spread throughout the country offering poker.
Thousands of betting shops or internet cafes are known as "Kleines Glücksspiel" or "little gambling" are found in almost every village of consequence.
Casino Bregenz is one of the largest casinos in Austria and offers traditional games like blackjack, baccarat, and roulette as well as slots and electronic tables.
There are about a dozen casinos and high-end betting shops located in and around Innsbruck. Casino Innsbruck offers 5-star accommodations, fine dining, nightlife and plenty of gaming options.
Austria offers world class gaming. To learn more please visit our gambling guide. Some European countries have less of an appetite for gambling than their neighbors.
Belguim has only nine casinos but Casino de Spa is one of the oldest casinos in the world. Each casino in Belgium is located in a different city. Four of the casinos are located along the northern coast from Knokke-Heist down to Oostende with the remainder in Antwerp, Brussels, Namur, Chaudfontaine, and Spa.
There are various slot parlors or gaming halls scattered around as well. Grand Casino Knokke has the largest gambling floor in Belgium at 66, sq ft.
While Grand Casino Brussels Viage , located in the heart of the capital, offers more gaming positions with 39 tables, machines, and a poker room.
All of the casinos offer fine dining, and all provide easy access to distinguished accommodations. Check our gambling guide for more information about casinos and gambling and Belgium.
Denmark is the southernmost of the Nordic countries of Western Europe and is almost surrounded by the North Sea except for its southern border with Germany.
It is connected to Sweden by a bridge near the capital city of Copenhagen. There are six casinos here with Casino Copenhagen being the largest and Casino Aalborg being the farthest from the capital.
The minimum gambling age is 18 and although the official language is Danish, most people speak English as well. The casino offers blackjack, roulette, punto banco, Texas Hold'em and Omaha poker, and a chance at the Denmark Casino Jackpot on a slot machine.
To learn more about these casinos and other Denmark gaming facts please see our gambling guide. The Faroe Islands is a sovereign country closely allied with Denmark.
In fact, it was a part of Denmark until they gained independence in the late s. The tiny nation-state follows Denmark very closely and has emulated Danish gambling law to a large degree.
With only about 50, inhabitants and no major tourist trade, visitors to the Faroe Islands will not find any casinos.
Some residents do gamble online, seemingly without any interference from authorities. Both of those casinos gave all of their profits to charity.
In , plans for a second mainland casino to be located in Tampere , km north of Helsinki were announced. Two brands have emerged under the state umbrella with 7 small slots centers attached to Pelaamo markets and shopping centers, and 5 entertainment clubs with gaming, restaurant and event services along with blackjack, roulette, and poker under the Feel Vegas brand.
The fifth venue, Feel Vegas Kuopio , opened in January Grand Casino Helsinki in the nation's capital, features 20 table games and slot machines, a poker room, cabaret, eateries, and bars.
To read more about gambling in Finland with all casinos listed by city visit our gambling guide.
France has nearly casinos spread over more than cities making it the best place in Europe to find a casino no matter where you go. The country has a long and rich history of gambling and holds some of the world's oldest casinos.
Roulette and parimutuel betting originated in France as did the Queen in a deck of cards in the 's. Slot machines were first allowed in one year after regulators lowered the gambling age from 21 to Some of the more well known longstanding casinos include the ocean front Casino Barriere de Biarritz in South-West France.
In Cannes, you'll find the magnificent Casino Le Croisette unfold itself to you as you descend the escalator. One of the most prestigious clubs is in the seaside city of Deauville with restaurants, bars, and 44, sq ft of gaming space.
Take a journey through all of the casinos of France in our gambling guide. Germany is the most populated country in Europe with over 81 million people.
It was first envisioned as a distinct region by Julius Caesar. All of the major cities including Berlin, Cologne, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Stuttgart and Munich have casinos as do many smaller towns.
Casinos range in size from the larger Spielbank Do-Hohensyburg in Dortmund, to Spielautomatens with 50 or fewer machines.
The full-service casinos offer blackjack, roulette, poker, video poker, slots, and some electronic table games along with restaurants, lounges, and bars while some of the smaller venues simply have a snack bar and machines.
Casino names usually contain the name of their location such as Spielbank Bad Wiessee One of the leading casinos in the capital city is Spielbank Berlin Casino.
Saarbrücken has 3 small casinos. Casinos are literally everywhere in Germany. Please note you will need to be at least 18 to gamble in Germany, show your ID, and sometimes tender a small entrance fee.
To explore any of the more than 60 casinos in Germany or learn about other gambling opportunities please see our German gambling guide.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory on the south coast of Spain. Here you will find the m ft high Rock of Gibraltar, a limestone ridge.
Due to its strategic location, Gibraltar has seen numerous settlements and occupations since Moors first populated it. The country passed a revised law known as The Gambling Act which oversees the two land casinos and issues remote gaming licenses for online gaming.
In May of , Novomatic re-opened Casino Admiral Gibraltar at Ocean Village after purchasing the property in and refurbishing it to include new bars, restaurants, upgraded VIP areas, a sports betting facility and two smoking areas.
To learn more about the casinos in Gibraltar check out our gambling guide. Guernsey is one of the Channel Islands along with Jersey.
The island, or collection of islands, is a self-governing British dependency. One of the islands of Guernsey is Alderney, an online gambling regulatory and licensing jurisdiction in its own right.
Oddly enough, Guernsey and Alderney have their own parliamentary systems so each island has its own regulations. There are no terrestrial casinos located in Guernsey.
Pierre Park Hotel was able to garner a license in , but to date have not put gaming into operation. Now that we have that out of the way let's look at gambling in Iceland.
There are no legal casinos in the country. However, visitors to Reykjavik or a few of the other cities in the capital region will occasionally run across little slot parlors attached to other businesses.
These are usually not high-class places and the odds offered by the machines are reportedly dismal at best. All proceeds from the gambling machines go to worthy social causes such as the Icelandic Red Cross.
Most of the casinos in Ireland are situated in or near the capital city of Dublin with others in Cork, Dundalk, Galway, and Limerick.
Most have poker tables and all have slots. They vary in size and services but most offer sports betting and many have table games like roulette, blackjack, and punto banco baccarat.
The oldest casino in Dublin is Amusement City , in operation since There is some place for gamblers of every style in Ireland.
The casino features 20 Texas Hold'em tables, 1 stud poker and 2 blackjack tables, 5 electronic roulette and slot machines.
The Sporting Emporium is one of the biggest casinos in Ireland. Part of the entry fee is returned in chips and complimentary drinks are served.
The minimum gambling age in Ireland is 18 and you'll need to join the club to enter, as with any other Irish gambling venue.
Like almost all Irish casinos the Fitzwilliam Casino and Card Club has a big poker component, but here you can also play roulette, blackjack, punto banco and Brit Brag, not to mention slots on inch HD touchscreens.
Check out all if the gaming venues in Ireland with our gambling guide. The Great Council of Venice established the casino in the palace in to provide controlled gambling during the carnival season.
In earlier times backgammon was a common gambling game. Baccarat and bingo are said to have been invented in Italy around the end of the 15th century.
Today there are six full-scale casinos and about 20 slot halls, some with poker rooms. There are also millions of legal slot machines in bars, shops, and hotels across the country.
Of the six casinos, Casino Municipale di Campione d'Italia is the largest with 56 table games, slot machines, and poker room along with a hotel, fine dining options, and a bar.
Casino Sanremo has nearly gaming machines, 38 table games, and a poker room. One of the most extraordinary modern casinos in Italy is Casino de la Vallee in St.
Vincent with over 43, sq ft of gaming space over two floors. The resort is situated in the Aosta Valley, known as the Riviera of the Alps.
Find out more about gaming opportunities in Italy by reading our gambling guide here. Jersey is a Crown dependency of the UK.
It is one of the Channel Islands and situated near the coast of Normandy, France. There are no casinos on the island although the gambling law of would seem to allow them.
There are no slots or video poker machines currently deployed in pubs or hotels. However, the country does have a gambling commission and is positioned to become an important online gaming licensing jurisdiction.
Gambling is legal and highly regulated in the European micro state of Liechtenstein. Due to low tax rates and a relaxed financial regulatory regime, Liechtenstein has twice as many businesses as it has residents.
The population of under 40, people has the highest GDP per capita of any country in the world. However, there are no casinos in Liechtenstein.
A law was passed in that allows for casinos, but no operator has taken the plunge as of late There is only one casino in Luxembourg. Casino is a gambling casino, hotel, and entertainment complex at Mondorf-les-Bains in the southern part of the country.
Casino offers 6 gaming tables and slots and electronic roulette machines. About half a million people a year visit Casino for gambling, dining, shows, accommodations, or conferences.
Attempts had been made to open a casino in Mondorf-les-Bains since the s and in the country's sole casino finally opened. Malta is an island country in Europe on an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The closest neighbor to the north is Italy, and to the west km away is the North African coast and Tunisia.
There are four casinos in Malta and the country has its own regulatory body which oversees those and issues online gaming licenses.
Dragonara Casino on the coast in St. Julians is the oldest gambling venue in the country. The casino opened in a nineteenth-century palace in After a complete refurbishment, it re-opened in Paul's Bay, Bugibba and the Casino at Portomaso.
Tumas Gaming Ltd owns the latter two. Casino Malta by Olympic Casino in St. Julians offers more gaming positions than any other with 29 tables, slots, and a 10 table poker room.
The casino opened in The Casino at Portomaso is also in St. Juliens and offers poker tournament space for up to 1, during big events, as well as slots and 14 table games.
Paul's Bay and offers a vast array of games over their 15 tables along with slots, video poker, and virtual horse racing.
To explore the casinos of Malta please see our gambling guide here. Monte Carlo is the place of casino legends as well as myths like James Bond and represents the ultimate in allure and intrigue for the romantic gambler.
The word, "Opulence" doesn't begin to describe the luxurious setting. Be sure to play some punto banco Baccarat here so you'll have no regrets later.
Cafe de Paris is a modern casino with two open-air terraces for gaming so that gamblers can enjoy a night breeze on the French Riviera.
Monte Carlo Bay Resort and Casino is contemporary and features multiple venues and attractions such as a private beach and separate beach club. Sun Casino at the Fairmont Monte-Carlo offers a full range of table games and slot machines.
If you'd like to explore more of the history of Monaco and find out why Monte Carlo is so well-known please see our Monaco gambling guide.
The Netherlands is a country in northwestern Europe where many of the 17 million citizens have a healthy appetite for gambling.
You will find over casinos spread throughout nearly cities from Bergen op Zoom in the south to Groningen in the north of Holland as well as Rotterdam , The Hague , Amsterdam , and all points between and beyond.
There are 14 full casinos and the balance offers a variety of poker, bingo games, slots and other electronic games. Holland Casino is the purveyor of traditional casino games such as blackjack, roulette, and punto banco as well as slots and poker.
Holland Casino Rotterdam is the biggest casino in the Netherlands with table games, electronic gaming machines, and 8 poker tables.
In Amsterdam, you'll find a dozen casinos offering electronics and poker along with Holland Casino Amsterdam. Lucky Jack runs for casino there including Lucky Jack — Buikslotermeerplein.
The Dutch love to gamble. To learn more about what they have to offer please visit our gambling guide here.
Gambling in Norway is mostly an illegal activity except under certain circumstances. The government maintains a gambling monopoly through two agencies.
Norsk Tipping offers sports betting, Keno, scratch cards, and a lottery draw game. Norsk Ristoko administers race betting. Poker games at home are allowed under the law as long as the game doesn't operate as a business.
All true slot machines were banned in and replaced by IVTs interactive video terminals in Players must use a special card to play the games.
Players must commit to a budget before playing, take breaks at certain intervals, etc. To learn more about gambling in Norway please see our gambling guide.
Portugal is located on the tip of the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe. It shares a border with Spain and has shores on the Atlantic Ocean.
There are about a dozen casinos in Portugal. Five of the casinos are operated by Solverde Group , in the Portuguese hospitality business since All of the casinos are located on or near the coast on the west side of the country.
Casino Estoril in Lisbon is touted as the largest casino in all of Europe. By area, the gaming floor only covers 26, square feet, but the casino holds 1, gaming machines and 35 table games.
In addition to poker and slots, most casinos offer blackjack, roulette, and punto banco, but most also offer games with local color and flavor such as the high-paced 3 dice game of Banca Francesa.
To learn more about these and other casinos or to explore attractions and lodging opportunities in Portugal please visit our gambling guide here.
San Marino is a landlocked sovereign state surrounded by Italy. The entire country has an area of less than 25 square miles and a population of just over 30, San Marino reportedly gained independence from the Roman Empire over 1, years ago and has remained a sovereign state to this day.
Casino gambling was legalized in the late s but was later banned by the government when it came under communist rule temporarily in the s. The Giochi del Titano casino there is located near the northeastern border with Cerasolo Italy just off Strada Statale Slovakia is bordered by Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Ukraine.
In May , the capital city of Bratislava voted for an absolute ban on casinos there. However, casinos will only close as their licenses expire.
The last to close will be Banco Casino in the Crowne Plaza hotel in There are about 20 casinos in the country with 7 casinos in Bratislava.
Other cities with casinos include Nitra, Trnava, Zilina, and Zvolen among others. Casino Admiral Bratislava is in the northeast section of town and offers gaming machines and 11 tables, a restaurant and bar.
On the other side of town, you will find Rebuy Stars Casino Bratislava with slots and electronic roulette. There are also Casino Admiral locations in Nitra and Trnava.
To read more about all of the gaming options in Slovakia please see our gambling guide. Spain has a long, rich history of gambling going back over years.
Skill-based gaming was authorized in the 's and slots in There are more than 60 casinos in Spain, but most of the nearly , slots lie outside of the actual casinos in bars and taverns.
Another casino that is grand for more than its gaming is Casino Peralada in Girona. The casino in a midth-century castle built outside the walls of an earlier set of a dynasty is a major attraction.
For nightlife it's got to be Ibizi or Marbella in southern Spain. If you'd like to explore more of the casinos of Spain, please see our gambling guide.
Svalbard and Jan Mayen, although not a country, has a statistical designation as a place and for such purposes, Svalbard and Jan Mayen are combined by the International Organization for Standardization into a single category ISO even though they are administered separately.
Svalbard is an Arctic Ocean archipelago which is under the full sovereignty of Norway, subject to a treaty.
There are no permanent residents of Jan Mayen. There are no casinos in either of these areas, but researchers could use satellite communications to play a few slots while posted there.
Sweden offers citizens visitors multiple ways to gamble from the state-owned lottery Penning Lotteriet in existence since to the four land-based casinos, the first of which, Casino Cosmopol Sundsvall opened in in a refurbished train station circa Players must be 18 to gamble online, play the lottery, or spin slots.
In order to play casino games you must be All of the country's casinos are state-owned by Svenska Spel and operated by subsidiary Casino Cosmopol.
All profits are claimed by the national treasury of Sweden. Although the casinos are highly regulated, games like blackjack and slots can be found at pubs and ferries all over the country, with those slots getting very little action.
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